Charles Taylor Found GUILTY.

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Earlier this week we posted about the Charles Taylor trial and the strong message a guilty verdict would send to other heads of states committing and supporting gross human rights violations. Well, today was a historic day not only for the human rights world but for the people of Sierra Leone and some in Liberia. Today Charles Taylor, former Liberian President charged by the Special Court of Sierra Leone with 11 counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes, was found GUILTY. This verdict brings some justice to the people of Sierra Leone, many of whom where victims to Taylor's abuses. Mark Doyle, BBC Correspondent in Freetown, Sierra Leone, spoke to Jusu Jarkar, a man whose arms were chopped off by the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), the rebel group Taylor is charged with supporting.

Jusu Jarka (R), chairman of Sierra Leonian amputee association watches the trial of Liberian ex-leader Charles Taylor taking place in the Hague, inside the Special Court in Freetown on April 26, 2012.
(Jarkar on the right. Photo credit: AFP).
 

"This is a happy day. I have not been able to do many things because my arms were cut off, but today I am happy. Tomorrow I will be happy too, because it is Sierra Leone independence day," Jarkar said.

For more information on the trail and verdict please read the article below taken directly from the BBC.

Charles Taylor Guilty of Aiding Sierra Leone War Crimes, BBC
 

International judges have found former Liberian leader Charles Taylor guilty of aiding and abetting war crimes during the Sierra Leone civil war.

Taylor, 64, has been on trial in The Hague at the UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone for almost five years. He was accused of backing rebels who killed tens of thousands of people in Sierra Leone's 1991-2002 civil war. Taylor was convicted on 11 counts including terror, murder and rape - but cleared of ordering the crimes.

He is the first former head of state convicted by an international court since the Nuremburg military tribunal of Nazis after World War II. Human rights groups described the judgement as historic.

"This is an incredibly significant decision," Elise Keppler from the campaign group Human Rights Watch told the BBC. Another group, Amnesty International, said the verdict sent an important message to all high-ranking state officials.

"While today's conviction brings some measure of justice to the people of Sierra Leone, Taylor and the others sentenced by the Special Court are just the tip of the iceberg," the group's Brima Abdulai Sheriff said in a statement. The US State Department said the ruling sent "a strong message to all perpetrators of atrocities, including those in the highest positions of power, that they will be held accountable".

Diamonds for weapons

Chief prosecutor Brenda Hollis said it was "confirmation of what the people in Sierra Leone told us from the beginning of our investigations, and that is that Mr Taylor was one of those who bore greatest responsibility for the crimes against them".

But defence lawyer Courtenay Griffiths denied this, saying the verdict was a "major blow to the prosecution" as it had failed to show that Taylor was part of a conspiracy led by Libya to take over West Africa. The judges, Mr Griffiths added, had also rejected the contention that Taylor was micro-managing events in Sierra Leone.

Reading out the verdict in The Hague, Judge Richard Lussick said Taylor had been found guilty beyond reasonable doubt in connection with 11 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Those included terror, murder, rape, and conscripting child soldiers, he added.

Judge Lussick said that as Liberian leader, Taylor had extended "sustained and significant" support to the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebels in neighbouring Sierra Leone. The judge said the accused had sold diamonds and bought weapons on behalf of the RUF - and knew the rebels were committing atrocities.

But Judge Lussick added that this support fell short of effective command and control over the rebels.

"The trial chamber finds the accused cannot be held responsible for ordering the crimes," he said.

He also said the prosecution had failed to prove beyond reasonable doubt that Taylor was part of a joint criminal enterprise.

The BBC's Mark Doyle in the capital of Sierra Leone, Freetown, says traditional chiefs and victims of the war watching the proceedings by video link breathed a sigh of relief when the verdict was read out.

In the Liberian capital, Monrovia, newspaper publisher Tom Kamara hailed the verdict, saying "justice has been done" and it was "an end to impunity". However, young supporters of Charles Taylor took to the streets brandishing placards reading: "We love you Taylor, God willing you will come back."

A sentence hearing will be held on 16 May, with the sentence to be handed down on 30 May, he added.

Taylor has a right to appeal against the conviction. If he loses the appeal he is expected to serve his sentence in a British prison, as the Dutch government only agreed to host the trial if any ensuing jail term was served in another country.

Taylor, a rebel leader in the 1980s and early 1990s, was elected president of Liberia in 1997 following a peace deal which ended a brutal civil war.

He governed for six years before being forced into exile in Nigeria following a second conflict. In 2006 he was arrested, repatriated to Liberia and eventually sent to The Hague to be tried.

Cover photo by George Osodi/AFP/Getty Images.